The most common cause for malaria is poor sanitation. The city dumps and garbages are not properly managed and have become breeding grounds for mosquitoes, roaches and rats. The mosquitoes breed malaria and the rats and roaches come with typhoid. Malaria is often followed by typhoid.
The region of Africa was home to 92% of malaria cases and 93% of all malaria related deaths in 2017. Children under 5 years of age are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria.